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Wicks are the most important item for a well performing candle and so it's important that you have a wide selection of wicks to choose from. At Eroma, you will find cotton and wooden wicks available in different sizes, lengths and with different burn rates.
All our cotton wicks are lead-free, made from all-natural, cotton fibres. However, some will also include additional fibres or treatments to help produce different attributes.
Recommended Wax Type: Soy.
HTP wicks are cotton wicks which feature braided paper fibres to enhance the rigidity of the material. They have a softer burn which is good for soy and tend to curl slightly as they burn. They also self-trim. However, it is good practice to trim them when required.
Recommended Wax Type: Palm wax, paraffin wax and soy wax.
CDN Wicks possess a flat braid style and are compatible with more types of wax than the HTP range. One of their main advantages is that they offer enhanced rigidity and burning properties for natural waxes and are also zinc-free. They also tend to ‘mushroom’ (gather as a carbon ball) as they burn, requiring a trim after each burn.
Recommended Wax Type: Soy, palm, paraffin and soy-paraffin blends.
Our wooden wicks burn like a natural crackling flame and create a campfire ambiance. Our wooden wicks are all-natural and treated with a clean, patented burning agent. They do, however, require your own testing in order to get the ideal burn for your candles.
One of the most common questions in candle making is 'What wick should I use?' This can be a complex process, but we aim to take the confusion away.
We provide the suggested wick for all of our products. Please click on the “more information” icon of the relevant product. Please note that this is a guide only. Use it as a starting point for your testing. You might have to go several sizes higher or lower during your wick testing to find your perfect burn profile (See below for more information).
To select the right wick for your own container, please refer to our candle wick information chart below. You can use the wick table as a reference. Matching the diameter of your desired container to the burn diameter of a wick shown in the table is a good indication of which wick you should begin testing with.
Note: These are the results of wicks freely burning in Golden Wax 464 (non-fragranced), meaning they were not burnt in containers and do not account for the accumulated heat generated by the wall of the container. Results will vary depending on which wax and fragrance is used.
|SOY WAX RESULTS|
|HTP WICKS||CDN WICKS||BURN DIAMETER|
|HTP 41||CDN 3||36mm|
|HTP 62||CDN 4||39 - 40mm|
|HTP 72||CDN 5||42mm|
|HTP 73||-||43 - 44mm|
|HTP 83||CDN 6||45 - 46mm|
|HTP 93||CDN 7||47mm|
|HTP 104||CDN 8||49 - 50mm|
|HTP 105||CDN 14||56mm|
|HTP 136||CDN 20||68mm|
|HTP 1312||CDN 28||80mm|
|HTP XL 100||CDN 30||82mm|
You will notice four main numbers when selecting a wick: e.g. HTP 105 - 150mm Long tab – 15mm(Dia) x 3.8mm(height).
|BURN DIAMETER||LENGTH OF WICK||DIAMETER AND HEIGHT OF THE METAL TAB|
HTP 31 to HTP XL-100
27mm, 33mm, 150mm or 300mm
15mm (Dia) x 3.8mm (Height) or
Wicks are numbered from the lowest to the highest. For example, the CDN-3 is the smallest wick in the CDN range and this means that it has a smaller flame and is suitable only for the smaller-type products such as tealights. On the contrary, the CDN-22 is for large tins and glassware and has a larger flame. The same applies to the HTP range of wicks, the HTP 31 being the smallest and the HTP XL-100 being the largest.
27mm – Suitable for tealight candles only.
33mm - Suitable for larger tealight cups.
150mm - Suitable for tins and glassware and have a tab on the bottom.
300mm - Suitable mostly for pillar-type candles. They have no tabs on the bottom, but, if need be, tabs can be manually applied.
The metal tab anchors and secures the wick to the bottom of the container and stops the flame near the bottom so that the heat does not transfer to the base of the container. The idea behind the 20mm x 6mm tab is that the height of it is longer than the 15mm x 3.8mm tab. As the candle burns down, it stops at a certain point leaving a bit of wax at the bottom which can help alleviate glass breakages. If a candle is left to 'burn out', it increases the chances of glass breakages as the glass heats up the most at this point.
Variables to keep in mind when selecting a wick is wax with colour and/or fragrance. As this can affect the burning process, the rule is that the moment you change any variable such as wax, fragrance or colour, or container type/size or mould type/size, then you will need to test as the most suitable wick may differ. For example, some fragrances can be more aggressive than others and need a smaller wick, and some can be harder to burn and need a larger wick.
In addition, you have to examine the entire burning process. For example, if you would like a candle to be burnt for one-hour intervals, this will need a different wick to one that is burnt for three-hour intervals. The reason for this is that the candle wax burns out and then down so for short durations the wax may not reach a full molten pool and residual solid wax will remain on the sides of the container or pillar. If you intend to burn the candle for shorter or longer durations, then you may have to vary your wick sizes up or down from our info, so the general rule is that for longer burn durations, go down in wick size and for shorter burns, go up in wick size. We estimate that an average burn is two to three hours.
The perfect wick is all about testing, so we highly recommend that you purchase a range of small wick packs and only then buy the larger packs, once you find the ideal wick for each application. It is recommended that you burn a minimum of three candles to ensure accurate test results. Any changes to your formula (however insignificant) after your initial testing will require further testing.
If you would like to find out further information about our wicks, please browse our wicks frequently asked questions.
If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to get in touch with our friendly team. You can call our customer service teams in Sydney on 02 8316 5530 or in Melbourne on 03 8372 1200, use the 'live chat' function on our website or fill out a query form on our 'Contact us' page.
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General Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness, no guarantee is given nor responsibility taken by Eroma Store Pty Ltd for errors or omissions in this information and Eroma Store Pty Ltd does not accept responsibility in respect of any information or advice given in relation to or as a consequence of anything contained above. The above information is issued by Eroma Store Pty Ltd for guidance only and we acknowledge that other important precautions may be applicable and that are not contained in this document. Therefore we take no liability for the information contained above in any way, shape or form and we recommend that you seek further information from the relevant authority.